There are a variety of measures that can be used with the aim of improving the adaptive capacity of forests:
- The protection of well-preserved or highly vulnerable stands
- Silvicultural intervention, e.g. promote natural regeneration through small disturbances; modify the vertical structure of the forest; increase species diversity in the canopy or reduce competition.
- Actions to improve the dispersal capacity of species (connectivity),
- Creation of landscape mosaics, in which various types of forest intermingle with open areas,
- Restoration of very scarce habitats such as wetlands or peatlands,
- Attention to some species that are highly vulnerable to climate change, with exceptional actions that may go as far as assisted migration or ex situ conservation.
In all of them, the distinctive feature is the formulation of explicit climate change adaptation objectives. The ultimate goal of adaptation action should be to ensure the continuity of most of the ecosistem services that forests provide us with, in the context of changing climatic conditions.
RedBosques_Clima develops a standard for the design and implementation of adaptation measures to ensure that
- Future climate scenarios are considered
- Vulnerable elements are identified
- There are explicit adaptation objectives
- Adaptation is proposed through the improvement of the conservation state.
- Participation is encouraged and social benefits are ensured.
- The results are evaluated